Water Treatment


The Ravenna Water Treatment system has come a long way since the original plant was built at Crystal Lake in 1885. Water was first pumped from the Crystal Lake plant on January 1, 1886 using a steam turbine driven pump.

City officials soon realized additional water would be needed to meet increasing demands and in 1913 a pump station was installed at Muzzy Lake to pump raw water to the Crystal Lake Plant for treatment.

As the years passed, upgrades were performed to the Crystal Lake system and in 1939 a second water transmission line from Crystal Lake to Ravenna was installed. Prior to this upgrade any shutdown or break in the single 16" supply line resulted in a loss of water to the entire city.

In 1956, in an effort to provide a storage location for treated water as well as to stabilize water pressure, the city's first elevated storage tank was erected at the City Park on Oakwood St. The addition of this tank also provided continuity of service in the event of an emergency or line break at the treatment plant.

Beginning in the earlly 1960's officials started receiving complaints about water quality from Muzzy Lake during certain times of the year.

The Crystal Lake Plant was not designed for treating large quantities of surface water. In an effort to resolve residents complaints and improve the quality and quantity of water three wells were drilled at Crystal Lake between 1965 and 1966 in an attempt to improve water quality.

The addition of the wells improved the taste of the water however the plant was unable to remove the resulting excessive water hardness.

The demand for water continued to increase to the point City Officials feared they would soon not be able to meet demand. So between 1971 and 1979 seven additional wells were drilled to increase supply. However over time the water level in all the wells continued to drop and it became apparent that the demand for water was exceeding the capacity of the wellfield.

The Crystal Lake facility continued to show it's age and capacity continued to be a concern. Then, on August 4, 1979 a fire at the Crystal Lake facility caused the entire City to be without water for two days. City Officials decided a new plant was urgently needed and planning began for a replacement for the Crystal Lake Facility.

Several studies over the years indicated that the most reliable source of water was the Congress Lake Outlet - Breakneck Creek watershed which supplied Lake Hodgson. When the Cleveland Worsted Mills went out of business in 1957 the city purchased Lake Hodgson, it's feeder canal, and all appurtencances for $400,000.

Planning for the current Lake Hodgson facility actually began in 1973 when the City authorized Floyd G. Browne and Associates to design a new plant at Lake Hodgson. After several plan revisions and changes of administration the plans were completed in 1981. Additional improvements such as new transmission lines, a 3 million gallon standpipe north of the City and improvements to the City Park elevated tank were added to the project.

Construction on the Lake Hodgson Plant took 26 months to complete. The Crystal Lake facility was shut down and the new Lake Hodgson Plant was placed into operation on June 11, 1984. The Crystal Lake plant remained standing until it was razed in 2016.

Quick Facts:

  • In Service: June 11, 1984
  • Project Cost: $9,597,000
  • Capacity: 6 million gallons/day
  • Average: 1.5 million gallons/day
  • Lake Hodgson Volume: 1.1 billion gallons (est.)